Balloon loan - a whimsical name don't you think for a potentially risky financial product?
What is a balloon loan?
Wikipedia defines a balloon loan or mortgage as a loan "which does not fully amortize over the term of the note, thus leaving a balance due at maturity. The final payment is called a balloon payment because of its large size."
This Balloon Loan Calculator will not only calculate the final balloon payment, it will also help you structure a loan to meet your exact needs.
Check out these additional loan scenarios:
- Want to know what periodic payment will result in a specific final balloon amount? This calculator will calculate the regular payment.
- Or do you need to set the regular payment to an agreed upon, but nontraditional amount before calculating the balloon? This calculator is capable of doing that calculation as well.
- Or do you have a budget for both the periodic payment and the balloon payment and you want to know how much you can borrow? This calculator can use your inputs to calculate the loan amount.
- Or do you want to calculate the periodic payment using say a 30-year term while the balloon is computed using a 7-year term? Yup, you can do that calculation too. See "Doing the Two-Step" below
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Using the Balloon Loan Calculator
As mentioned, a balloon loan is a loan that has its regular periodic payment calculated using one term (say 30 years) when the last payment is due sooner (say in 7 years).
If you do not know the amount of the regular loan payment, then we must calculate it before we can calculate the final balloon amount.
Example: Assume you are considering a mortgage for $146,500. You want the monthly payment calculated based on a 30-year loan, but you'll pay the balance after 72 months.
Doing the Two-Step
Step 1: Enter:
Amount of Loan?: | $145,500.00 |
Annual Rate?: | 4.5000% |
Balloon Due at Payment? (#): | 360 |
Periodic Payment?: | $0.00 |
Final/Balloon Payment (can be 0)?: | $0.00 |
When you enter "0" for both "Periodic Payment" and "Final/Balloon Payment," you are setting up the calculator to calculate a level payment for the entire term of the loan. That is the final payment will not be a balloon payment.
Click "Calc" and here are the results. $737 is the "regular" payment amount for a 30-year loan. (The final payment gets rounded by less than $2.00 or less than $0.01 per each regular payment.)
Periodic Payment?: | $737.23 |
Final/Balloon Payment (can be 0)?: | $735.27 |
Step 2: Now to calculate the balloon payment amount, with the balloon due after six years, set the calculator as follows:
Amount of Loan?: | $145,500.00 |
Annual Rate?: | 4.5000% |
Balloon Due at Payment? (#): | 72 |
Periodic Payment?: | $737.23 |
Final/Balloon Payment (can be 0)?: | $0.00 |
Click "Calc," and this is the balloon that will be due in the final month of the sixth year if the debtor makes payments based on an assumed term of 30 years:
Final/Balloon Payment (can be 0)?: | $130,433.50 |
If that's what you wanted to know - what the balloon payment amount will be for a loan, then you're finished.
But with this calculator, it's possible to do more. You can structure a loan, just the way you want it.
Other scenarios - very flexible!
Example 2: Pick the balloon payment amount and calculate the periodic payment:
Amount of Loan?: | $145,500.00 |
Annual Rate?: | 4.5000% |
Balloon Due at Payment? (#): | 72 |
Periodic Payment?: | $0.00 |
Final/Balloon Payment (can be 0)?: | $100,000.00 |
Result: | |
Periodic Payment?: | $1,110.73 |
Example 3: Pick any periodic payment amount:
Amount of Loan?: | $145,500.00 |
Annual Rate?: | 4.5000% |
Balloon Due at Payment? (#): | 72 |
Periodic Payment?: | $2,000.00 |
Final/Balloon Payment (can be 0)?: | $0.00 |
Result: | |
Final/Balloon Payment (can be 0)?: | $27,541.94 |
Example 4: Pick your payments and see what you can borrow:
Amount of Loan?: | $0.00 |
Annual Rate?: | 4.5000% |
Balloon Due at Payment? (#): | 72 |
Periodic Payment?: | $1,000.00 |
Final/Balloon Payment (can be 0)?: | $50,000.00 |
Result: | |
Amount of Loan?: | $84,794.97 |
Balloon Amortization Schedule with Extra Payments
The calculator's support for extra payment is very flexible. First, you'll notice the calculator prompts you for "Extra Payments Start?" date. You can, therefore, schedule extra payments between the regular due dates if doing so is better for your cash flow.
As mentioned elsewhere, the calculator allows for a one-time extra payment or for multiple extra payments. The multiple extra payments can be for 2 or any number up until the loan is paid-in-full. (In that case, set the number of extra payments to "Unknown.")
When the extra payments are "off-schedule," the calculator prepares an expanded amortization schedule, showing the payment being applied 100% to the principal with interest accruing.
This is the correct way to apply the payment - something that other online calculators don't usually handle properly. That is if they even let you plan for extra payments between regular payments.
The Interest-Only Payment Method is a Special Case
Most frequently, the periodic payments get allocated to both principal and interest. Thus with each payment, the loan balance is being reduced.
But what if the borrower wants to pay even less per period?
If that's the case, the lender may agree to make the balloon loan one where the borrower pays only the interest due on each payment date. Paying only the interest each period reduces the payment amount even more for the borrower.
This calculator supports interest-only payments (select the option under "Amortization Method"). If you select it, however, the calculator works slightly differently.
- First, the balloon payment will always be equal to the loan amount. Therefore, it isn't possible to solve for the balloon payment.
- Or looked at in a different way, the user cannot provide a periodic payment amount. The calculator will always calculate the regular payment amount since it is the interest due.
- When introducing extra payments into the interest-only cash flow, the calculator's main window shows the amount of the first interest-only payment. But after each prepaid principal amount, the subsequent payments will be reduced since prepaying lowers the loan balance which, of course, reduces the interest due.
Given the above, if you select interest only, in almost all cases, to use the calculator, you'll want to set both of these inputs to 0.
Periodic Payment?: | $0.00 |
Final/Balloon Payment (can be 0)?: | $0.00 |
Charts
As the day winds down, I go cross-eyed looking at columns of numbers. That's where cash flow charts come in handy. You can quickly learn the relationship between the principal, interest and optional extra payments.
This calculator creates 3 charts.
- The annual chart compares total interest and principal paid each year.
- The accumulated chart shows the amounts allocated to the principal and interest since the start of the loan.
- The pie chart clearly shows the relationship between total interest and principal with calculated percentages.
Bloggers, feel free to use these charts to make your point. Click for several export options.
Should I take out a balloon loan? There's Risk!
Balloon loans have their advantages. The borrower gets to borrow a large amount, for a short period, while making relatively small periodic payments.
However, the borrower should only consider this loan type if they are confident that they'll have the funds available or that they'll be able to refinance the loan in time to make the balloon payment when it comes due. Otherwise, the borrower will most certainly default on the terms of the loan, and they risk ruining their credit rating.
You can leave your comments and questions below.
Balloon Loan Calculation Help
You can calculate one of any five possible unknowns with this calculator. Just enter a zero for one of the following: "amount of loan," "annual rate," "balloon due at payment number," "periodic payment" or "final/balloon payment."
Therefore, it is easy to solve for a periodic payment amount that will result in a particular balloon payment. Or you can solve for the balloon payment amount given a regular payment amount that you provide.
If you are solving for the balloon payment, and the periodic payment decreases as well, that indicates the periodic payment was larger than necessary given the other loan details.
Take this extreme example:
What if the loan amount is $100,000 and the balloon is due at period 48, and the periodic payment is $10,000? There no need for a 48th payment, much less a balloon payment. In this case, the loan would be paid off in 10 periods (not accounting for interest).
The calculator handles this scenario by recalculating and lowering the regular payment.
If you enter non-zero values for all five inputs, the calculator will recalculate the balloon amount provided.
NOTE: A balloon payment is NOT the remaining balance of a loan. See "Remaining Balance Calculator" if you need to calculate the loan balance after making a payment.
Qais Haikal says:
well as i dont have that knowledge using this calculator can you help by solving this?
The price of a car you are interested in buying is $93.45k. You negotiate a 6-year loan, with no money down and no monthly payments during the first year. After the first year, you will pay $1.23k per month for the following 5 years, with a balloon payment at the end to cover the remaining principal on the loan. The annual percentage rate (APR) on the loan with monthly compounding is 5%. What will be the amount of the balloon payment 6 years from now?
Required: Suppose the loan has initially been paid in full (without a balance due at maturity), the amount would have totaled $37k. Calculate the absolute percentage difference between the fully amortized loan and the balloon payment.
Karl says:
One of the points of this site is to help people to learn how to do financial calculations. I do not do the calculations for people.
Let take one question at a time. First, calculate the balloon amount for the 93.45K loan. That should be fairly straight forward. The only thing that is a bit unusual is the first yea without any payments. This calculator will handle that. For example, enter June 10, 2020 for the loan date and June 10, 2021 for the first payment date on the "Set Dates or Extra Payments." This gives you what we call a long first period. Note on the "Set Dates or Extra Payments." tab there is a "Long Period Options" setting. This controls when you see the interest for the first period. Either play with those setting or read about them on the page to understand what they do.
Enter your payment amount, loan amount, interest rate, and 0 for the ballon amount and you’re ready to calculate.
Winston Pestana says:
Does this calculator utilise the Rule of 78 Principles? Thank you. Winston
Karl says:
No, it does not. But this financial calculator will let users create schedules for balloon loans, and it also supports Rules-of-78. If you try it, scroll down the page to the tutorials. There are two about balloon payments.
Winston Pestana says:
OK will do Karl! Thanks sincerely for your prompt response! Winston
PRADYUMNA KUMAR NAYAK says:
ABC issued a note on January 1. 2017 to an outside lender in the amount of $1,000,000.
Note type Balloon, interest only
Annual interest 12.00%
Repayment frequency Each calendar quarter on a 15th day after a quarter ends.
Repayment amount Interest only
Interest calculation convention Actual number of days over 360
Fill in the schedule below with calculated interest and outstanding principal
Karl says:
Do you have a question?
Frank A Lombardo says:
how do you change the start date of a mortgage loan schedule?
Karl says:
Click on "Set Dates or Extra Payments" at the top of the calculator. You’ll be able to set the loan date and first payment due date. I’m not sure which of these you consider to be the start date though.
Sri says:
Hi Karl,
when i try to calculate PMT on excel, it doesn’t provide me the same PMT which your calculator is computing
Data used is as follows: PV=45000000, Balloon @ 60th month = 27000000
Interest = 4% per year
i am computing PMT in excel as =PMT(4%/12,59,-45000000,27000000,0,0)
excel shows PMT as 426574.01 as financial calculator shows it as 427952.28
Please help
Karl says:
Hi Sri, frequently Excel and this calculator will match, but you really can’t compare the two. For one thing, Excel does not allow the user to specify dates. Dates impact the results of the calculations, in some cases. Also, Excel does not give the user the ability to set a separate compounding frequency. Beyond that, I can’t discuss the math. If I did that, I would not have time to work on this site.
Tony says:
Hi Karl – you were of great assistance to me on 17th April last.
I now have a related question for you as follows;
Run the following Calculation through the Balloon payment calculator;
+ Capital borrowed £1,895,807
+ Payable x 84 months at £21,741 per month followed by a Balloon of £405,000 as an 85th payment.
+ Loan drawdown of 23/10/20 [using European dates here].
+ First Payment on 31/10/20.
+ APR is 4.00%
So I set Short period Option to Reduce all . . . .
When I check Interest rate the Calculator tells me that the last Payment due has been reduced by £6,159 due to rounding to £398,843 . . . Adding back brings me to expected £405,000.
I am completely confused by a rounding of this size – so I am assuming that I’ve done something wrong on the Amortization side of things.
Help, please.
Karl says:
Hi Tony, I’ll have to take a look at this more closely. It may not be appropriate to have the message about rounding on this schedule since the calculator is going to calculate the balloon amount necessary to pay off the loan. The adjustment might not be due to the short period.
Did you use the calculator to calculate any of your values (payment or balloon), or are those your inputs?
Tony says:
Hi Karl – the unknown Value when I ran the calculation initially was the Interest rate being charged with the Loan Amount, the Value and Volume of Loan repayments, the Balloon, Date of first and Monthly thereafter Payments all known.
I tried playing around with other Variables but everything still came back to the same Balloon and rounding number . . . .
Is there a way to share the Payment Profile, I’ve saved a PDF with you, if that would help . . .
Karl says:
Hi Tony, is the only thing you are questioning is the rounding amount shown on the schedule? As I think about it, I think that is somewhat of a meaningless number when there is a final balloon payment. The various calculators on this website share reports (programming code) in the interest of efficiency. The balloon payment is going to be what the balance is, plus accrued interest since the last payment. I’m not sure what the rounding amount means, in this case, since the last payment (balloon) is not equal to the prior payments. When this note appears if users are using other calculators it means the normal periodic payment is, for example, 556.75, and the final payment to pay the principal balance plus accrued interest is 555.25 which means the last payment was rounded (down) 1.50 relative to all the other payments.
As you can see, we do not have that case when there is a balloon payment.