# Compound Interest Calculator

This compound interest calculator calculates interest between any two dates. A dozen compounding frequencies are supported (did we miss any? :). You can also enter negative interest rates.

Because this calculator is date sensitive, and because it supports many compounding options, it is a suitable tool for **calculating the compound interest owed on a debt** when the debtor has not made any payments or from a point in time when the balance is known. *More details below the calculator*

#### Info...

Click, copy, paste this URL to save the inputs for yourself or to share with others.

This custom URL updates when you click the "Calc" or "Clear" buttons. Paste it into a browser's address bar and press enter to reload.

## Compound Interest

Compound interest means that interest gets paid (or is earned) on previously paid interest.

For example, if the interest rate is 2% and you start with $1,000 after the end of a year, you'll earn or owe $20 in interest (using annual compounding). Then at the end of two years, assuming there have been no withdrawals (or payments) you earn $20.40, not $20. The previous interest earns interest as well.

This pattern is called compounding, and it repeats as long as the money stays invested, or the debt is owed.

If you are an investor, you want to compound interest. If you are a debtor, you want to avoid it, particularly if you ever miss a payment or a payment is not enough to cover the interest due.

You can use this online interest calculator as a:

- loan interest calculator
- savings interest calculator
- daily interest calculator
- negative interest calculator
- investment interest calculator

As a side benefit to this calculator's date accuracy, you can use it for date math calculations. That is, given two dates, it will calculate the number of days between them or it will find the date that is "X" days from the first date.

## Compound Interest Calculator Help

Enter an amount and a nominal annual interest rate.

Date Math: If you change either date, days between dates will be calculated. If you enter a positive number of days, the end date will be updated. If you enter a negative number of days the start date will be updated.

The above means you can calculate interest for a specific number of days and not worry about what the dates are. If you need to know the interest for 31 days, then enter 31 for the number of days and don't worry about the dates.

Set the compounding and days-in-year. Click "Calc". Interest and future value are calculated (FV is starting amount plus the interest.) **Annual percentage yield** is used for comparing investments. It is the rate institutions must quote in the US for interest bearing accounts. The holder of such an account can use the *APY* to compare different accounts.

Interest may be calculated based on a unit of time, say a month. This is known as "**Periodic Interest**" In that case, a month's interest is always the same for the same interest rate and same principal balance regardless of the length of the month. Given $10,000 principal and an interest rate of 6.75% the interest will be the same for February as it is for March. Note if you select a periodic method such as "weekly", "biweekly" etc., and if the dates enter do not equate to a number of full periods, then interest will be calculated for the fractional period by counting the days and calculating simple interest. This generally results in 1/2 a month's interest being less than 1/2 of a full month's interest when using monthly compounding.

There is also "**exact day interest**". Interest is calculated based on the number of days. In this case, the amount of interest will be different for February and March. Set compounding to "continuous", "daily" or "simple" for daily interest calculations.

## Larry Harrison says:

I was able to download the application to my I-phone. However, it will not let me “Compounding” field to “Daily”. It is frozen. All other fields will accept input/changes. The box will not drop down box on my phone as it will on my office computer. .

## Karl says:

Hi Larry, I assume you mean open the calculator in your iPhone browser? There’s nothing to download.

I actually have an iPhone and I just tried this calculator and I faced no issues setting the compounding to daily. The iPhone will put a list at the bottom of the screen when you touch the dropdown box. Select daily from that list.

Are you running a version of iOS 12?

## Larry Hartisin says:

Compounding is the only field I can’t change . The drop down will not change and leaves only “Exact/Simple” in that box.

I entered your website on my phone and it went to that site.

## Karl says:

I’m sorry you’re experiencing a problem. It’s hard to say what’s going on. I’m using Safari on an iPhone X and I can’t duplicate the problem. If you’re holding the phone in portrait orientation, can you try flipping it to landscape just to set this one option? It might work if the dropdown is farther from the edge of the phone. It may detect the finger easer. But obviously, this is just a guess.

## Karl says:

Hi Ben, thank you. I’m glad you discovered them.

This is definitely the right calculator, but I’m not sure I understand all your numbers and without knowing how you entered them, it hard to say why you are getting the results you are getting.

$234.59 twice monthly + $750 once a month comes to $1219 paid each month. Half of that is $609.50. I don’t know where the $492 is coming from

How are you solving for the term?

If I set compounding to twice monthly and payment to twice monthly and use $492.95 the loan is paid off in 65 payments. Is that what you got? This requires just 2 rows being entered into the calculator and setting # Periods on the 2nd row (payments) to "Unknown".

## John says:

Does the ‘Interest Earned’ calculation use rounding?

I was trying an exercise creating an Excel spreadsheet. I used your financial calculator as a comparison using the following variables:

-entered start date 15 May 2018

-entered end date 15 May 2019

-‘365 days calculated’

-entered PV of $1500

-entered Annual Interest Rate 15%, (but I used your daily calculation of 0.0411%.)

Your calculator said $225 Interest Earned, but my spreadsheet calculated $225.02

Thanks for your help.

## Karl says:

All calculators that display a float, will round. So yes, this calculator rounds.

But the calculated interest is accurate to the penny. It just so happens that the interest for the year is an even $225.

So, what’s going on? The rounding is happening where you aren’t expecting it. The daily interest rate is not actually 0.0411%.

I did not realize the someone might want to use the daily interest rate shown here for calculating purposes. The next time I make a change to this page, I’ll look into increasing the number of digits shown for the daily rate so that user’s hand calculations can be accurate to the penny too!

## Nancy says:

There are default START & END date YEAR errors. Default start used to be current mo/day/yr with default end date 1 year later.

Current START DATE defaults to 2018 vs 2019 & END DATE defaults to current mo/day/yr vs 2020.

Can you please fix this?

## Karl says:

I understand, and I though that was the way it did work, but I went back to a version from August 2017, and it used the same defaults as today.

The thinking is, if I owe interest or I am owed interest as of

today, what is the amount owed? To answer that question, all one has to do is to set the first date.But you obviously are doing forward looking calculations, which means you need to reset both dates. If I change it though, someone else isn’t going to be happy. I will look at seeing if I can add a "Today" option on the calendar so that all a user need to is click once to set to current date.

## Nancy says:

I’ve been trying to use your OL calculator today but now it no longer appears on your website. Only the comments are displayed?? Help??!!

## Horatio says:

Same problem.

## Karl says:

Hello, financial-calculators.com is back up and running. I’m sorry for the problems you experienced. An automatically applied update went wrong and it eventually brought down the entier site on Tuesday. Unfortunately, I could not figure out the problem and get it fixed until late Tuesday (eastern time USA). Thank you for reporting the problem.

## Karl says:

Hello, financial-calculators.com is back up and running. I’m sorry for the problems you experienced. An automatically applied update went wrong and it eventually brought down the entier site on Tuesday. Unfortunately, I could not figure out the problem and get it fixed until late Tuesday (eastern time USA). Thank you for reporting the problem.

## Horatio says:

There are no financial calculators available

Error message: Financial Calculators – These calculators are not toys.

## Karl says:

Hello, financial-calculators.com is back up and running. I’m sorry for the problems you experienced. An automatically applied update went wrong and it eventually brought down the entier site on Tuesday. Unfortunately, I could not figure out the problem and get it fixed until late Tuesday (eastern time USA). Thank you for reporting the problem.

## Rob says:

Your online calculators have been very useful for me, including the nicely formatted print options. I would like to suggest/request that the print format for the compound interest calculator print the website address and the date and time printed.

At least one of the other calculators on your website, the loan amortization schedule, includes that information when printing. I believe the print function for the loan amortization schedule uses the default header and footer options of the web browser. For instance, I’m using Firefox on Windows, and my page setup options include the website address on the upper right, the date and time in the lower right, and the page number in the lower left; and when I’ve used the print button on the loan amortization calculator, I get those same headers and footers.

It would be great if the compound interest calculator could do the same thing. As it is, when I print (or print to a PDF), there are no headers or footers. What is most important to me is having it be clear to me (or others) the website that produced the calculation.

Thanks again for making these available.

## Karl says:

Thanks for your suggestion Rob. I had always thought that businesses would rather not have a source on the printout. I’ll have to think about it. Further, the reason why the calculators do not have it and the schedules do have the information, is because different techniques need to be used to handle the printing. The name on the schedule is a byproduct of the technique, it’s not something I specifically added (or I don’t recall adding it 🙂 ).

## John Zhu says:

If a CD interest is compounded annually from June 2019 to June 2020, have I been getting CD interest in 2019? Will I get 1099-INT for the year 2019?

## Karl says:

Hi John, First, I’m not an accountant or a tax professional. I can only say about the word "get." You should be able to answer that. If you have access to the interest, that is, if you can withdrawal it (or will be able to do so before 12/31/2019), spend it or reinvest is, then you got it or will get it. However, what i "think" is the case is, the interest will be "accruing", that is, owed to you, but you’ll have no access to it. And if that’s the case, then I don’t think a 1099-INT will be issued. BUT, an that’s a big BUT, this may vary due to jurisdiction or to the exact terms of the CD you reference. So absolutely no tax advise is being offered here.

## Rikhil says:

Hi Karl,

Thank you for your amazing calculator. I was using the simple interest calculator for my business for about a year and now I am using the compound interest one.

I noticed that the APY for daily compounded is lower than the APY for monthly compounded interest. Correct me if I am wrong but I think daily APY’s are usually higher than monthly.

Looking forward to your reply.

Thanks.

## Karl says:

Thanks Rikhil. I’m happy to hear that the calculators have been useful for you.

To your specific question, that’s not always the case. For example, if you reload the page and use the calculator default values, the APY with daily compounding is higher than for monthly compounding.

I would need to know your specifics before I can provide more details, but I assume it has to do with odd days or fractional periods.

If you want to take this further, without getting into the equation details, include the custom URL from the box below the calculator for each calculation in any follow-up you might have.

## Rikhil says:

My data is as follows:

Amount: $6,477,529.68

Annual Interest Rate: 16.284%

Days: 30

Start Date: 06/28/2019

End Date: 07/28/2019

Compounding: Daily

Days in Year: 365

I get an APR of 17.6806% for daily compounded and an APR of 17.8204% for monthly compounded.

## Karl says:

The APY is higher with monthly compounding for the short duration of 30 day because monthly compounding earns more interest than daily compounding earns.

Change the days per year to 360, and that will no longer be the case.

Or extend the term slightly to 60 days (end date August 28th) and days per year left at 365 and daily compounding results in more interest (and higher APY).

(Give the custom URL feature a try. It saves everyone from retyping the inputs.)

## BHUPEND says:

SUPERB CAN WE DOWN LOAD IT ON EXCEL

## Karl says:

No, this is a standalone calculator.