## How to use the mortgage calculator

- Click the "Clear" button.
- Enter the "Mortgage Loan Amount."
- Enter the expected "Number of Payments."
- Enter the anticipated "Annual Interest Rate."
- Optionally set the dates
- Set "Payment Amount (P & I only)" to "0" (the unknown).
- Click either "Calc" or "Pmt & Cost Schedules" for the answer.

That's it! That's all you need to do.

*But there's a lot more to know about a mortgage than how much the payment amount is.*

**These are just some of the optional calculations:**

- Calculate the
*down payment*required. - Solve for the number of payments, annual interest rate or mortgage loan amount.
- Calculate the projected future value of the property.
- Use the
*ROI*calculation to determine if the property is a good investment. - The calculator considers points and fees to calculate the
*APR*. - Calculate
*PMI (private mortgage insurance)*payments if required. - Calculate potential tax benefits.
- Calculate the
*balloon payment*amount.

#### Info...

**File save and open are new beta test features.**If you happen to get a different calculated result, do not assume that this calculator is making an error. Most likely, the problem is with the new file load feature. Please check that all settings got loaded as expected.

IMPORTANT - **Always enter (and reenter) a 0 if you want a value calculated.**

Why doesn't the calculator automatically recalculate the last unknown?

We want the calculator to create an amortization schedule using whatever parameters **you** want to use. This is a feature!

By not automatically recalculating the payment (for example) when the mortgage amount changes, this calculator lets those users create a payment schedule with whatever payment amount they want.

## The Calculator Explained in Detail

### There are only six values you will usually need to set.

**Found on the "Calculator" tab:**

*Price of Real Estate or Asset*- the negotiated purchase price. This is optional. Enter a zero to calculate.*Down Payment Percent*- the anticipated down payment expressed as a percent of the purchase price. optional*Down Payment Amount*- the anticipated down payment expressed as an amount. optional*Mortgage Loan Amount*- the amount of the mortgage loan. This too is optional. Enter a zero to calculate.

You may:

- Enter the real estate price and the down payment to calculate the mortgage amount.
- Enter the mortgage amount and down payment to calculate the affordable real estate amount.
- Or enter the mortgage amount and zero for the down payment and price.

*Number of Payments*- the length of the loan. The "Payment Frequency" setting also impacts the loan's term. For a term of thirty years, if the payment frequency is monthly, you need to enter 360 for the number of payments. (360 monthly payments = 30 year mortgage)*Annual Interest Rate*- the nominal interest rate. This the quoted interest rate for the mortgage.*Payment Amount (P & I only)*- the amount that is due on each payment due date. The amount includes**only**principal and interest. Do not include any additional amounts for taxes or insurance if you enter a value.

**If the Mortgage Loan Amount is either set or calculated off the real estate price, then one of the above three can be set to zero so that the calculator can calculate it.**

### Now, armed with this information, you can answer these FAQs.

*What is the monthly payment on a $300,000 mortgage?*- enter $300,000 for the mortgage loan amount.
- enter 360 for number of payments
- enter 4.5% for the annual interest rate, and
- set the P&I payment amount to zero. (0 indicates "Unknown.")
- calculate the result - $1,520.06

*What house price can I afford?*- set the price of real estate to zero. (0 indicates "Unknown.")
- enter the expected down payment amount or percent
- enter the desired mortgage amount, or set it to zero if unknown.
- enter the number of payments
- enter the annual interest rate, and
- enter the expected P&I payment
- calculate

*What size mortgage can I afford?*- enter the price of real estate (optional)
- enter either a down payment amount or percent (optional)
- set the mortgage loan amount to zero. (0 indicates "Unknown.")
- enter the number of payments
- enter the annual interest rate, and
- enter the expected P&I payment
- calculate

*How long will it take me to pay back the mortgage?*- enter the price of real estate (optional)
- enter either a down payment amount or percent (optional)
- enter the mortgage loan amount.
- set the number of payments to zero. (0 indicates "Unknown.")
- enter the annual interest rate, and
- enter the expected P&I payment amount
- calculate

*What interest rate allows me to have a $2,000 mortgage payment?*- enter the price of real estate (optional)
- enter either a down payment amount or percent (optional)
- enter the mortgage loan amount.
- enter the number of payments
- set the annual interest rate to zero (0 indicates "Unknown."), and
- enter the expected P&I payment amount
- calculate

*What's the***balloon payment**on a $300,000 mortgage after 6 years with periodic payment based on a 30-year term and 4.5% rate?- enter the mortgage loan amount $300,000
- enter the number of payments for the full term: 360
- set the annual interest rate: 4.5%, and
- set the P&I payment amount: 0 (unknown)
- calculate payment: $1,520.06
- enter the number of payments for the balloon term: 72
- click on Pmt & Cost Schedules and check the 72 payment - 269,267.61.

#### Result Summary

*Total Interest*- assuming the borrower makes the payments as scheduled, this is the interest they will pay over the term of the mortgage.*Total Prepaid Principal (XPmts)*- this is the total of the optional extra payments. The total interest saved is reported on the payment schedule.*Total Principal & Interest*- the loan amount plus the total interest paid. Thus the total amount you'll pay for the mortgage, which of course does not include any escrow amounts.*ROI/Appreciated Value*- return-on-investment explained and the estimated value of the property at the end of the mortgage.*LTV / APR*- Loan-to-value ratio. If LTV is 80% or greater, the lender may insist on the borrower obtaining private mortgage insurance. Use the annual percentage rate to compare mortgage offers. The lower the APR, the better. For accuracy, make sure you enter any "Points" or "other charges." Background APR information.

### Mortgage options you may want to tweak.

**Found on the "Set Dates or Extra Payments" tab:**

*Mortgage Closing Date*- also called the loan origination date.*First Payment Due*- due date for the first payment

About Dates & Interest Calculations - In the real world, the time between the **mortgage origination date** and the **first payment due date** will seldom be equal to the payment frequency.

Your mortgage can require monthly payments, but in reality, you might go to the closing on July 15, and the first payment might not be due until September 1. Such a scenario leads to what is commonly called a "long initial period" and "odd days interest." (Had the first payment been due on August 1, then the first period would be called an "initial short period.")

Long and short first periods impact interest and payment calculations.

**By giving users the ability to enter these two dates, this calculator is capable of penny perfect calculations.**

But, this will result in payment amounts as well as interest charges that do not match other calculators.

And that's the point! You do not need to settle for estimates.

(If you are satisfied with approximations, however, or you want to match other calculators, then set the "Mortgage Closing Date" and "First Payment Date" so that the time between them equals one full period as selected in "Payment Frequency." Example: If the "Mortgage Date" is July 15 and the "Payment Frequency" is "Monthly," then the "First Payment Date" should be set to August 15.)

More details about the available calculation options for odd day and irregular period interest.

*Payment Frequency*- set how often payments are scheduled. The calculator supports 11 options, including biweekly (every other week), monthly, and annually. The schedule calculates the payment due dates from the first payment due date (not the mortgage closing date).*Compounding*- usually, you should set the compounding frequency to be the same frequency as the payment frequency. Doing so results in simple, periodic interest. Setting this option to "Exact/Simple" results in simple, exact day interest.*Days-Per-Year*- 360/364/365 days per year option. This setting only impacts interest calculations when you set compounding frequency to a day based frequency (daily, exact/simple or continuous)**or**when there are odd days caused by an initial short or long period.*Amortization Method*- leave this setting set to "normal" unless you have a specific reason for setting it otherwise. For a complete explanation of these options, see Nine Loan Amortization Methods.*Rounding Options*- due to interest and payment rounding with each payment (for example, payment or interest might calculate to 345.0457, but a schedule will need to round the value to 345.05), almost all loan schedules require a final rounding adjustment to bring the balance to "0". A footnote on the payment schedule informs you of the rounding amount.*Long Period Options (odd day interest)*- setting for how interest is shown on the mortgage schedule when the initial period is longer than the selected payment frequency.*Short Period Options*- setting for how payments get adjusted when the initial period is shorter than the selected payment frequency.

More details about the settings for odd day and irregular period interest.

*Fiscal Year-End for Report Totals*- this setting establishes after what month the calculator shows year-end and running totals. This option is to accommodate businesses with fiscal year ends that do not coincide with the calendar year-end.*Calc. & Include APR on Schedule*- when "Yes," the mortgage schedule shows in a Regulation Z compliant format, the APR.*Extra Payment Amount*- to include a series of additional payments or a single extra payment, enter the amount here.*Extra Payments Start*- enter the date you want extra payments to start. The date does not have to align with any payment due date. If you pay the mortgage monthly and payments are due on the first, you may want to make extra payments on the 15th to align with your pay periods.*Extra Payment Frequency*- set how frequently you plan to make additional payments. Want to make extra payments annually when you receive a year-end bonus? This calculator will accommodate such a plan.*Number of Extra Pmts*- enter one or any integer value. If you want to make the extra payments until the mortgage is paid off, enter "U" for "Unknown."

**Found on the "Options" tab:**

*Points*- calculated using the loan amount, they are reported in the first row of the schedule. One point is one percent of the mortgage loan amount. Points impact the APR calculation. optional*Other Charges & Fees*- When applying for and closing on a mortgage, the borrower will frequently have to pay one-time fees and charges. You enter those charges here. These fees and charges also impact the APR calculation. It is essential to understand what charges to include. Background APR information optional*Annual Property Taxes*- are included in the escrow column on the schedule. Please be sure to enter a yearly amount in the calculator. optional*Annual Insurance*- the escrow column on the mortgage schedule also includes property-casualty insurance. optional*Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI)*- may be required by the lender if your loan-to-value (LTV) is more than 80%. That is, your down payment frequently needs to be 20% or more to avoid PMI. optional*Your Marginal Tax Rate*- used to calculate the personalized tax benefits of a mortgage. optional*Annual Maintenance*- used in total cost and rent vs. buy analysisoptional*Monthly Rent*- used in the rent vs. buy analysis optional*Property Appreciation Rate (est)*- estimated annual house price appreciation. Used to calculate a potential selling price for the property at the end of the mortgage. optional*Include cost & appreciation schedule after the loan schedule*- if checked, the calculator will create an additional, printable schedule after the mortgage schedule. optional*Average Inflation Rate on Costs*- used in the rent vs. buy calculations. Enter an estimated inflation rate. Impacts costs and rent. optional*Include in ROI Calculation*- when calculating an ROI, you may include only the mortgage cost or the mortgage and other costs such as maintenance. Background ROI information

## Printable Mortgage Amortization Schedule

The *Ultimate Mortgage Calculator* automatically selects from **three amortization schedule layouts**. If you've not entered values for any of the above options, then the *UMC* displays a simplified schedule showing only the payment along with the principal interest and loan balance.

The optional, new **"Inflation-Adjusted Cost and Appreciation Schedule"** tracks mortgage costs and other costs such as maintenance and optionally adjusts them to account for projected inflation.

### Wrapping-Up

Hopefully, using the *Ultimate Mortgage Calculator* to give you insights into mortgages and how they work. It is certainly my desire that those insights will save you some significant money.

### Mortgage Calculator with Down Payment Help

Unlike our general loan or simple loan calculators, this calculator will allow you to have more than one unknown value in certain cases.

To indicate an unknown value, enter '0' (zero). There must be one unknown in each group — that is two unknowns are required.

You can enter the price of the real estate, the down payment percent or amount you need, the total number of periods for which you want to borrow the money and the interest rate. When you click on "Calc", the loan amount and the monthly payment will be calculated.

If you enter the loan amount and "0" for the down payment percentage, then the down payment percentage (and down payment amount) will be calculated.

If you enter "0" for the price, a down payment percentage, "0" for the mortgage amount, the total periods, the interest rate and the payment you can afford, the calculator will calculate the loan amount and the price you can afford to pay. You can use this calculation to tell you what you can afford to pay and borrow and still stay within a budget.

Annual Property Taxes, Annual Insurance and Private Mortgage Ins. (PMI) are all optional. If you enter values, the periodic portion of each will be calculated and shown on the schedule. Property taxes and insurance are both included under escrow.

If a borrower does not have cash to cover at least 20% of the purchase price, some lenders will require the borrower to purchase private mortgage insurance to cover against a possible default. Premiums are typically 0.5% to 2.0% of the original loan amount. The borrower can drop the insurance coverage once the mortgage balance is less than 80% of the original purchase price. The calculator handles this automatically. (There may be other conditions as well under which the lender will no longer require the PMI. One such case might be apprciation of the real estate.)

Points are charges that are normally due at closing. It is an optional input. Borrowers (normally only in USA) may select to pay a lender "points" up front in exchange for a lower interest rate. Points are expressed in percent and are calculated on the amount borrowed. 3 points on a $200,000 mortgage equals $6,000. If the user enters points, this calculator includes their value in the summary and as part of the total payment at loan origination on the payment schedule.

## Brian says:

Hello Karl,

I tried it all again after your comments. I had missed out steps in the ‘options’ menu and when I went back and put it all in again, it worked exactly as you said.

Thank you for your patience and responsiveness.

Brian

## Karl says:

No problem. Thanks for letting me know.

## GL says:

Looking to run an amortization schedule for a $50,000 10YR loan @ 3% with Bi-weekly payments of $500 on the 1st and $250 on the 15th of each month. I understand that it will pay it off much earlier, but which calculator will allow me to

add in all the particulars?

## Karl says:

Your requirement should be easily accomplished with this mortgage calculator. The way to set up your calculation isn’t obvious however.

What you’ll need to do is something similar to this:

Here’s the thinking. Though the payments happen biweekly, they are comprised of two series of staggered monthly payments. $5000 starts on the first and $250 starts on the 15th.

Also, don’t think in terms of a 10 year term because you have already determined the payment amounts. Therefore, set the number of payments to 0 so the calculator calculates the term. If your payment amount cause the loan to run beyond 10 years, then you can redo the calculation with 120 payments and the final payment will be a larger balloon amount.

If this doesn’t get you what you need, tell me what I’ve missed and I’m sure I can come up with something. Also, there’s another calculator on this site that is even more flexible that we can try if this doesn’t work out.

## chuck irwin says:

is this mortgage calculator using 360 or 365 days to calculate interest?

## Karl says:

The user is in complete control. Please see:

"Days Per Year?"

on the "Set Dates or Extra Payments" tab.

Yea, I know, not the most obvious location for that option. I guess I must have put it there, because that where it fit at the time.

## COLLINS EKEH says:

Hello,

i installed your Calculator plugins and i want to edit it to have the following:

1. The Currency Sign: Please can Nigerian Naira be included in the Options.

2. Can the Headings of the various items .e.g. Annual Insurance etc be edited and still function same.

3. I have been battling to set the calculator to have a default fixed minimum Down payment percentage, that requires just the input for Number of monthly payment and Price of the Real estate.

4. Can i hide any heading of the calculator front-end but still seeing it at the back-end with the function still intact.

## Karl says:

First, thank you for considering my plugin.

I can add Nigerian currency (I’m surprised I missed it.) Please go to this page:

Currency and Date tests

and copy the results you see in the two lower right corner green boxes to a reply here. I’ll try to have support by March 1.

As to your other questions, I can’t go into details right not, but all the things are possible. The plugin includes ALL source code.

## LJ says:

I have tried a few tests, and it seems that if an extra payment occurs before the first periodic payment due date, the amortization schedule displays the extra payment dollar amount in the top summary of the schedule in the line that reads: “Period Payment:” instead of the actual periodic payment dollar amount. Please test for yourself to see if you find the same. (I can fill you in on what my other fields were if that ends up being necessary.)

## Karl says:

You’re right. Also, the first payment date is the extra payment date, and the top of the schedule shows the selected extra payment frequency.

I looked into fixing this, but the calculation gets a lot more complicated if the period between the loan date and the scheduled first payment date is either a long or short first period. (You can read about irregular first periods on this page.)

I may not support extra payments before the scheduled first payment date. Another option is to disable the long/short first-period settings when there’s an extra payment. I’ll have to see.

## LJ says:

It seems some changes were made since I last contacted you. Now the calculator won’t allow an extra payment date to be before the first scheduled periodic payment date…but in our case it must be shown this way and will be shown as such for the next 8 years just as it has been for the previous seven. And in thinking of others who may use this calculator, it is highly probable that people will make an extra payment before the initial payment is due if they can. (Particularly in cases like ours where the payments are due annually.) I had not brought up the errors to make things worse. Yes, I could just reduce the total loan amount by the extra payment and consider that initial extra payment as part of the down payment, but it technically wasn’t part of the down payment. The extra payment occurred a few months after the down payment. I preferred the calculator the way it was before.

## Karl says:

Yes, you are correct about the change. I decided to not allow an extra payment prior to the first payment because the math for the interest calculation can get tricky when the first period has odd days. Also, I’m not sure the best way to present the results to the user.

Think bout this scenario. Monthly payments. Loan origination on July 15 and the first payment due on Sept. 1. This sets up a long initial period with 16 odd days. The lender might collect the interest for the initial 16 days at closing (prepaid interest) and the calculator allows for that option (setting: long period interest at origination).

If the borrower makes an extra payment on July 25, then the odd day interest calculation is wrong. But it’s already been paid. Is a refund due? Technically yes. Should that be reflected in the schedule? That’s my dilemma.

Rather than show an inaccurate interest amount, I restricted the feature. This seemed to be the best solution since the extra payment itself is not about a penny perfect calculation, but rather it’s about a hypothetical, and that’s particularly the case the farther along one gets in the schedule.

That said, if you want to calculate the impact of an extra payment prior to the first payment, you can use this calculator. If you try it, scroll down the page to the tutorials. This calculator works differently than any other calculator on this site.

## Bryan Baynes says:

I have been using your calculator for a while and everything was working fine, but just recently I am getting two boxes out of place on the screen about 1/2 way down on the page not near your calculator which is on the bottom right of the page. I can see the code when inspecting the element.

Not sure where to start. I don’t have this issue when using the auto loan calculator. Thanks for any help you can provide. B

## Karl says:

Hi Bryan, I’m sorry you are having a problem with the calculator. I took a look though, and I can’t see any problems. I checked using Chrome on a desktop. Can you tell me what you are using? The boxes that are out of place, are they the inputs that belong in the calculator? Or some of the other boxes on the page? If you are on a desktop, can you try a “hard refresh?” On Windows you would use a Ctrl-F5.

## Bryan psalc.com/mortgage_services says:

I have used the Chrome version of Edge and Internet explorer. Both show this issue. I have also tried it on a few different computers all with the same result. Address is in the name. It will not show up if the screen is too small, as I remove it unless the screen is large enough to view it. I tried to include the code that was causing it in this box, but when trying to submit it, I would receive an odd error on the page.

## Karl says:

I just figure out what you are talking about. I thought you were talking about the calculator on this page. But you have installed the FC Mortgage Calculator plugin on your site.

This is the better page for reporting problems with the mortgage calculator plugin.

In any event, I just looked at your page with Edge (current version) and I don’t see any problems.

## Pam says:

Karl,

What am I doing wrong. On the calculator, I cleared before I started, didn’t use commas or periods and put in all of the information I usually do on this same calculator, went to the second tab and put the date the mortgage began and first payment, went back and clicked calculate and print and I only got a one page print out of exactly what I put in but not the normal monthly amortization chart I have been getting for the last year. Can you think of something I left out. I love this chart. Thank you.

## Karl says:

I can’t think of anything. Can you save your inputs to a file and send me the file so that I can see what’s happening? Just click on the file-Save As… feature. The email address is on the contact page.